Education Series: Single-Stock ETPs

US and China: Exports, Housing and Auto Markets

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Websim is the retail division of Intermonte, the primary intermediary of the Italian stock exchange for institutional investors. Leverage Shares often features in its speculative analysis based on macros/fundamentals. However, the information is published in Italian. To provide better information for our non-Italian investors, we bring to you a quick translation of the analysis they present to Italian retail investors. To ensure rapid delivery, text in the charts will not be translated. The views expressed here are of Websim. Leverage Shares in no way endorses these views. If you are unsure about the suitability of an investment, please seek financial advice. View the original at

The US housing market is facing enormous headwinds: as of the end of October, the affordability measured in Year-on-Year (YoY) terms, has deteriorated by almost 60%, which was a faster change than in the past 30 years:

Nearly 10 months’ worth of supply of new homes are lying in inventory while the listing of existing homes also faced a sharp spike in time across Q3.

Sales of existing homes, that tend to lie in relatively established in-demand areas, have been falling harder than it ever has in the last 30 years.

Meanwhile in China, it has been estimated that sales of new homes as of end of October have flatlined while the sales of existing homes have been falling faster and faster in the Year to Date (YTD):

Earlier in the year, Citi’s researchers had already indicated that non-performing loans in China’s real estate market have been ratcheting, with privately-owned enterprises (POEs) bearing the brunt of this downward pressure.

This has grave consequences for the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) market, which typically tends to be a source for capital flight during market downturns. In this case, be it Chinese or US REITs, it is an open question if this is a better market than equities in the current environment.

With regard to auto loans in the U.S., loans for new automobiles are at 5-year highs at a time when car sales have been in a steady downward spiral for a little over 10 years now.

Similar figures don’t exist in China but it has been noted that, by the middle of Q2 this year, sales of Chinese brands – which tend to be a little cheaper and attract subsidies than more expensive foreign brands – have seen a substantial increase in market share.

Now, Fitch Ratings reports that as of 2020, roughly about 50% of buyers obtained vehicle financing for their purchases. Early in 2021, the Chinese government launched a support initiative to increase credit support to boost the penetration rate and growth of auto financing. This involved asking auto captive loan financing business to lower their down-payment requirements, interest rates and tenors, which the agency warns could have an adverse effect these providers’ asset quality and capitalization. Immediately after this announcement, there was some deterioration in the managed portfolios of Asset-Backed Securities (ABS) issuers specializing in auto loans, which was characterized by higher Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratios and longer tenors on the loans. Given the argument that the growth in sales of cheaper Chinese brands have increased, it could also be argued that Chinese spending on automobiles have also deteriorated and being propped up by cheap loans.

The Chinese government’s boost on spending is also reflected in the steady fall of the bank loan prime rate, which saw a precipitous fall in early 2020 and have continued to fall since.

This implies that spending has been getting tighter for quite some time now.

Meanwhile in the US, consensus expectation from institutional market players shows that Fed rate hikes will continue, implying that money will continue to depart from equity markets in the near future.

Next, lets consider exports. The US is the world’s largest consumer of products virtually across the board while China is the world’s largest producer across the board. Both countries are among each other’s list of top trading partners. Overall exports from the US, largely helped by rising gas prices and increased exports to the European Union, have helped boost the value of exports all the way till the end of September.

As of end of October, China’s total exports have seen a 3-month decrease, with the devaluation of the yuan in order to boost exports not playing a significant role in propping this value.

China’s exports to the US, in terms of unit volumes, typically tend to be the likes of consumer goods, components and raw material. Over the 5 months leading to October, this has seen a steady downward trend.

The US principally exports machinery and natural resources to China. These have been going strong but it did witness a sudden downturn starting from the end of August.

The consumer-producer interplay is problematic for China, which counts exports as one of its economic pillars. With flagging domestic demand – as evidenced by the initiatives to boost domestic spending – and crumbling growth rates in infrastructure (another economic pillar), higher export volumes would be needed. With flagging consumption in the Western Hemisphere, this becomes another avenue that will weigh down its economic goals.

Many investment managers consider investing in Chinese markets to offer adequate diversification from their exposure to US markets. As a result, Chinese equities received heavy volumes and higher valuations. As present circumstances indicate, this notion isn’t necessarily a robust one. There’s every expectation that any downward pressure on US equities (which is being expected) will also lead to downward pressure on the Chinese economy, which already have a number of points of concern.

Exchange-Traded Products (ETPs) offer substantial potential to gain magnified exposure with potential losses limited to only the invested amount and no further. Learn more about Exchange Traded Products providing exposure on either the upside or the downside to the S&P 500 as well as the upside or the downside to the MSCI China Index.

Your capital is at risk if you invest. You could lose all your investment. Please see the full risk warning here.

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Sandeep Rao


Sandeep joined Leverage Shares in September 2020. He leads research on existing and new product lines, asset classes, and strategies, with special emphasis on analysis of recent events and developments.

Sandeep has longstanding experience with financial markets. Starting with a Chicago-based hedge fund as a financial engineer, his career has spanned a variety of domains and organizations over a course of 8 years – from Barclays Capital’s Prime Services Division to (most recently) Nasdaq’s Index Research Team.

Sandeep holds an M.S. in Finance as well as an MBA from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago.

Violeta Todorova

Senior Research

Violeta joined Leverage Shares in September 2022. She is responsible for conducting technical analysis, macro and equity research, providing valuable insights to help shape investment strategies for clients.

Prior to joining LS, Violeta worked at several high-profile investment firms in Australia, such as Tollhurst and Morgans Financial where she spent the past 12 years of her career.

Violeta is a certified market technician from the Australian Technical Analysts Association and holds a Post Graduate Diploma of Applied Finance and Investment from Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, where she was a lecturer for a number of years.

Julian Manoilov

Senior Analyst

Julian joined Leverage Shares in 2018 as part of the company’s premier expansion in Eastern Europe. He is responsible for web content and raising brand awareness.

Julian has been academically involved with economics, psychology, sociology, European politics & linguistics. He has experience in business development and marketing through business ventures of his own.

For Julian, Leverage Shares is an innovator in the field of finance & fintech, and he always looks forward with excitement to share the next big news with investors in the UK & Europe.

Oktay Kavrak


Oktay joined Leverage Shares in late 2019. He is responsible for driving business growth by maintaining key relationships and developing sales activity across English-speaking markets.

He joined LS from UniCredit, where he was a corporate relationship manager for multinationals. His previous experience is in corporate finance and fund administration at firms like IBM Bulgaria and DeGiro / FundShare.

Oktay holds a BA in Finance & Accounting and a post-graduate certificate in Entrepreneurship from Babson College. He is also a CFA charterholder.

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