Advanced Micro Devices, Inc (Nasdaq ticker: AMD), based out of Santa Clara in California, is a lot like NVIDIA (which was covered last week) and is also a keenly-watched stock right now. Both companies design and sell processing hardware, although NVIDIA is more known for its range of high-performance GPUs while AMD’s niche is the more-traditional CPU. While GPUs and CPUs, strictly speaking, are traditionally used together, recent practices involve scaling up computation performance via “chaining” GPUs more often than CPUs.
Perhaps because of the more advanced technological application, NVIDIA tends to attract a higher conviction than AMD. However, AMD is no shrinking violet in investor interest. On account of their similarity in core business, both can be considered under the same framework. As it turns out, similarities with respect to NVIDIA run quite deep.
A quick rundown of the company’s past two years’ Full Year results versus the first quarter of this year – as per the company’s calendar – reveals the first of these similarities:
Beyond a ramping up in long-term debt, there are no particularly egregious differences in trend for either company. In fact, even AMD shows a corresponding decrease in diluted earnings per share, just like NVIDIA did. Similar to NVIDIA, it isn’t really a major concern this early in the Financial Year.
Ratio and Volume Analysis
From March of last year through this week, an analysis of the 3 ratios as carried in more recent articles, reveal the second of these similarities:
While the stock’s Price to Book Values cannot be commented on due to its absence in most periods, the Price to Sales (PS) ratio indicate a fair bit of relative stability (albeit, a little more so in NVIDIA’s case than AMD) while the Price to Earnings (PE) ratios shows a decline by nearly 58% in the past week.
Lets consider what the PE Ratio effectively means: lets say that the PE Ratio of a stock is 50 today. This means that investors are paying $50 for $1 in earnings attributable to them over the course of every future year. Now, this is extremely common in the case of new companies with interesting product propositions. The expectation is that the company’s proposition will find substantial traction among buyers at the cost of older “legacy” propositions. This capture in market share in subsequent years should theoretically lead to higher attributable earnings (assuming no substantial increase in cost of sales and other expenses), thus justifying the high entry point today. In subsequent years, however, as the company’s market share rationalizes, so does the PE Ratio.
In practice, this has not happened: AMD is a stable company with a largely-solid market share that has seen some variation but not by a massive margin. On the other hand, NVIDIA arguably had a little bit of wriggle room since it touts transformative data center and AI applications promised in future products.
Be that is it may, in either stock’s case, there is always the argument if the PE Ratios should have been so high in the first place. Most Fortune 500 CFOs and top fund managers, including Berkshire Hathaway’s Charlie Munger, had been voiced their concern that the U.S. equity market in particularly overvalued in numerous surveys over the past 4 years and “tech” accounted for a substantial chunk of this.
In NVIDIA’s case, whether the aforementioned transformative applications would find substantial adoption in the wake of an anticipated spending crunch due to rising costs is question that asks the question as whether a higher valuation of the stock (in PE terms) is justified. On the other hand, it could also be argued in real-world terms that a CPU purchase is relatively more “essential” than a GPU purchase, thus prospectively tilting the scale ever-so-slightly more tilted in favour of AMD. This tilt would be manifested if AMD’s ratios were considered “rational” enough by market participant consensus, which doesn’t seem to be the case right now.
Lets consider traded volumes now relative to the market. As mentioned in the NVIDIA article, over the year till date (YTD), monthly average volumes have generally been trending down across the board after the customary “January bump”. When comparing traded volumes in the stock versus the “tech-heavy” Nasdaq-100 (here represented by the ETF QQQ) normalized relative to volumes seen on the 3rd of January, we encounter the third point of similarity:
Overall, while the volumes in the stock does tend to be correlated with volumes shifted in the broader ETF, AMD tends to show a little lag and even a slight degree of non-synchronicity on a number of occasions. This tendency, however, is relatively minor.
AMD, like NVIDIA, is a top-tier company that is well-led, has an excellent product offering that also shows their deep expertise and a stalwart market share. This is the fourth point of similarity. The final point of similarity is that overvaluation seems to have divorced the company’s performance from the stock’s.
Given these many points of similarity, the conclusion is largely the same: overvaluation comes with volatility on a downward-trending basis. In the months or quarters going forward, a series of price discovery actions on both the upside and downside around certain price levels should be expected.
Sandeep joined Leverage Shares in September 2020. He leads research on existing and new product lines, asset classes, and strategies, with special emphasis on analysis of recent events and developments.
Sandeep has longstanding experience with financial markets. Starting with a Chicago-based hedge fund as a financial engineer, his career has spanned a variety of domains and organizations over a course of 8 years – from Barclays Capital’s Prime Services Division to (most recently) Nasdaq’s Index Research Team.
Sandeep holds an M.S. in Finance as well as an MBA from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago.
Violeta joined Leverage Shares in September 2022. She is responsible for conducting technical analysis, macro and equity research, providing valuable insights to help shape investment strategies for clients.
Prior to joining LS, Violeta worked at several high-profile investment firms in Australia, such as Tollhurst and Morgans Financial where she spent the past 12 years of her career.
Violeta is a certified market technician from the Australian Technical Analysts Association and holds a Post Graduate Diploma of Applied Finance and Investment from Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, where she was a lecturer for a number of years.
Julian joined Leverage Shares in 2018 as part of the company’s premier expansion in Eastern Europe. He is responsible for web content and raising brand awareness.
Julian has been academically involved with economics, psychology, sociology, European politics & linguistics. He has experience in business development and marketing through business ventures of his own.
For Julian, Leverage Shares is an innovator in the field of finance & fintech, and he always looks forward with excitement to share the next big news with investors in the UK & Europe.
Oktay joined Leverage Shares in late 2019. He is responsible for driving business growth by maintaining key relationships and developing sales activity across English-speaking markets.
He joined LS from UniCredit, where he was a corporate relationship manager for multinationals. His previous experience is in corporate finance and fund administration at firms like IBM Bulgaria and DeGiro / FundShare.
Oktay holds a BA in Finance & Accounting and a post-graduate certificate in Entrepreneurship from Babson College. He is also a CFA charterholder.
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