Education Series: Single-Stock ETPs

H1 2022: Markets Falling, Inflation Rising

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Websim is the retail division of Intermonte, the primary intermediary of the Italian stock exchange for institutional investors. Leverage Shares often features in its speculative analysis based on macros/fundamentals. However, the information is published in Italian. To provide better information for our non-Italian investors, we bring to you a quick translation of the analysis they present to Italian retail investors. To ensure rapid delivery, text in the charts will not be translated. The views expressed here are of Websim. Leverage Shares in no way endorses these views. If you are unsure about the suitability of an investment, please seek financial advice. View the original at

Over the past week, the S&P 500 lost 1.9% in value, despite a 6.4% week-on-week rise in the previous week. As last Monday’s article predicted, this rise was predominantly limited to a single day’s rally (on Friday) and was likely due to deeply oversold positions. There were likely some opportunistic bets made that overall sentiment would continue to be bullish. This didn’t pan out and there is some expectation that the market will remain bearish in the current week, with some rallying on Friday.

Overall, in the first half of this year, the S&P 500’s performance was the worst since 1970 – which it barely squeaked past. Since 1957, in the years when the S&P 500 had a negative first half, the benchmark had a negative second half about 50% of the time.

What might tilt this trend to be more likely for the rest of the year would be the outlook on the broader U.S. economy. Expectations of U.S. first-quarter GDP growth rate facing a 1.5% contraction were unmet; the actual number worked out to be 1.6%. The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow gauge estimates the second-quarter running at negative 2.1%. In technical terms, this confirms that the U.S. is already in a recession.

Real estate was one strong haven for investors in this year as concerns over inflation grew stronger. In the U.S., the ratio between the average new home price and disposable income were at all-time highs last week.

Over here in Europe, Eurozone inflation rates surged to 8.6% in June, which is up from 8.1% in May, which surpassed expectations of 8.5%. This indicates an increasing squeeze on households across the Eurozone, with France, Italy and Spain reporting new all-time high highs this past week. Unsurprisingly, this is strengthening calls for an aggressive rate hike by the European Central Bank.

The yield on 10-year US Treasury bonds rose 0.08 percentage points to 2.92% while the yield of the 2-year bonds – considered more sensitive – climbed 0.12 percentage points to 2.66%. This is in expectation that central banks would attempt to combat inflation more aggressively. As yields increase, prices fall. Given that the U.S. and Eurozone have a heavy presence in government bond markets worldwide, the total government bond market is projected to have the worst returns over the past 150 years.

In the U.S. equity market, “tech” – a long-standing mainstay of investor preferences over the past couple of decades – has seen the worst performance over the past six months. Only healthcare and energy stocks show a net outperformance.

In the middle of last month, coverage of the GPU-centric NVIDIA and the CPU-centric AMD had mentioned how a fadeout in overall growth outlook make these overvalued stocks particularly vulnerable. In the first half of the year, both had lost nearly half their value. In the past week alone, NVIDIA plummeted by 13.9% while AMD was down by 14.5%

Over in the oil market, the overall trend seen through most of the past month (which was also covered) continued in the past week: US Oil slid by 1.5% – a rate commensurate with the decline in the S&P 500. This also confirms the broad outlook on energy consumption: with inflation rising, many households in the Western Hemisphere will be reducing their energy consumption somehow. Given the fall in energy prices and the market – along with the increasing expectation of rate hikes – there is very strong argument that the recessionary phase of the inflation/recession cycle has already, in fact, begun.

In Conclusion

For European investors, many brokers offer a host of leveraged inverse products underpinning most high-conviction U.S. stocks, broad indices and commodities that are currently manifesting a very strong use case with the potential realize short-term gains over the course of a week or even longer. With adversity comes opportunity and this is certainly true for the pragmatic and disciplined investor.

Your capital is at risk if you invest. You could lose all your investment. Please see the full risk warning here.

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Sandeep Rao


Sandeep joined Leverage Shares in September 2020. He leads research on existing and new product lines, asset classes, and strategies, with special emphasis on analysis of recent events and developments.

Sandeep has longstanding experience with financial markets. Starting with a Chicago-based hedge fund as a financial engineer, his career has spanned a variety of domains and organizations over a course of 8 years – from Barclays Capital’s Prime Services Division to (most recently) Nasdaq’s Index Research Team.

Sandeep holds an M.S. in Finance as well as an MBA from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago.

Violeta Todorova

Senior Research

Violeta joined Leverage Shares in September 2022. She is responsible for conducting technical analysis, macro and equity research, providing valuable insights to help shape investment strategies for clients.

Prior to joining LS, Violeta worked at several high-profile investment firms in Australia, such as Tollhurst and Morgans Financial where she spent the past 12 years of her career.

Violeta is a certified market technician from the Australian Technical Analysts Association and holds a Post Graduate Diploma of Applied Finance and Investment from Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, where she was a lecturer for a number of years.

Julian Manoilov

Senior Analyst

Julian joined Leverage Shares in 2018 as part of the company’s premier expansion in Eastern Europe. He is responsible for web content and raising brand awareness.

Julian has been academically involved with economics, psychology, sociology, European politics & linguistics. He has experience in business development and marketing through business ventures of his own.

For Julian, Leverage Shares is an innovator in the field of finance & fintech, and he always looks forward with excitement to share the next big news with investors in the UK & Europe.

Oktay Kavrak


Oktay joined Leverage Shares in late 2019. He is responsible for driving business growth by maintaining key relationships and developing sales activity across English-speaking markets.

He joined LS from UniCredit, where he was a corporate relationship manager for multinationals. His previous experience is in corporate finance and fund administration at firms like IBM Bulgaria and DeGiro / FundShare.

Oktay holds a BA in Finance & Accounting and a post-graduate certificate in Entrepreneurship from Babson College. He is also a CFA charterholder.

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