Education Series: Single-Stock ETPs

Global Funds: Bearish on All But Defensives

Your capital is at risk if you invest. You could lose all your investment. Please see the full risk warning here.

Websim is the retail division of Intermonte, the primary intermediary of the Italian stock exchange for institutional investors. Leverage Shares often features in its speculative analysis based on macros/fundamentals. However, the information is published in Italian. To provide better information for our non-Italian investors, we bring to you a quick translation of the analysis they present to Italian retail investors. To ensure rapid delivery, text in the charts will not be translated. The views expressed here are of Websim. Leverage Shares in no way endorses these views. If you are unsure about the suitability of an investment, please seek financial advice. View the original at

Over the past few months, several articles referenced Bank of America’s “Fund Managers Survey”, which is a very revelatory document for fund managers’ sentiments about markets. However, this doesn’t necessarily translate into action: fund managers have a duty to inform their clients about their sentiments. However, this doesn’t mean clients are obligated to change their instructions. For a sense of change in instructions, examining the likes of “Flow Reports” that are either issued by the banks’ Macro Research Desk or their Prime Brokerage desks – which predominantly cater to the likes of hedge funds and wealthy investors – would be in order.

By the end of the month, JPMorgan indicated that bond portfolios have shown significant shrinkage over the years. At present, cash is king, instead of bonds.

It bears noting that the meaning of “cash” is different in the language of financial institutions. Holding an asset over the long term generally implies some tax advantage. A short-term holding, on the other hand, has greater tax implications. An intent to capitulate a position (basically “sell”) is known as a “cash position”.

The overall positioning in bonds shouldn’t be all too surprising. As Morgan Stanley indicates, bonds were increasingly unattractive to individual investors since the end of 2008 Financial Crisis.

The primary players in government bond markets have largely been reduced to foreign central banks (who tend to stock up on US Dollars and Treasuries to build up their foreign currency reserves), mutual funds and insurance companies. As a result, bond traded volumes relative to outstanding US Treasuries (as indicated in the top half of the image above) has seen a significant decrease in the present day.

As a result, JPMorgan indicated that market depth – a signal for how active bond markets are – for the highly-popular 2-Year and 10-Year Treasury Bonds (also referred to as “Cash Bonds”) had almost completely evaporated in the present day.

Since bonds have basically no takers among individual investors (and indeed, many hedge funds) and even major institutional investors typically go no more than 15% in total holdings, the argument could be made that this has benefited stock trajectories. While this might have been true in the years following the Financial Crisis, this has not been true in the present day.

Morgan Stanley indicated that total exposure by its clients to “single names”, i.e. stocks themselves, are at Year to Date (YTD) lows as of the end of September.

Incidentally, as of last week, the “classical” model of the 60/40 Portfolio of the S&P 500 vs US Bonds was down 21% in 2022, which meant that the current year will be the 2nd worst year in history for this style of portfolio after 1931.

Since the stocks’ valuations are trending downwards, the dominant argument would be to go short stocks. As it turns out, Morgan Stanley indicated that their clients are showing an increasing preference for shorting the entire market via ETFs over “single names”.

This is a supplementary sign of the overall outlook by high-volume/high-value investors expecting a recession. The argument is that in times when public consumption decreases, only large companies or companies with robust fundamentals are likely to perform.

The primary sign of an outlook expecting a recession is a shift towards holding defensive stocks, which was indicated as being most favoured in last month’s article that discussed September’s Fund Manager Survey. As it turns out, this is exactly what high-net worth clients did throughout September.

This might bring about a question in most investors’ minds: if the recent CPI numbers exceeded market consensus, what might be the reason for the rally going on since that has carried over into this week (so far)? There are two attributable reasons:

  1. Given that this week is full of Q3 earnings releases, there will be some churn in volumes, usually bullish. There is a nearly even expectation that this optimism would peter out by the end of the month.
  2. If the “short profit-scalpers are switching from “single names” to “index products”, so are investors in the “long”. Since ETF issuers have to physically hold the underlying, there is some momentum being imparted as they buy up the stocks to create new ETF units, which is imparting a type of “false positive” in a bear market.

Overall, the trends of the current week might not be the upswing many investors are hoping for.

Exchange-Traded Products (ETPs) offer substantial potential to gain magnified exposure with potential losses limited to only the invested amount and no further. Learn more about Exchange Traded Products providing exposure on either the upside or the downside to the S&P 500, the upside or the downside to the Nasdaq-100, and the upside or the downside to the German DAX.

Your capital is at risk if you invest. You could lose all your investment. Please see the full risk warning here.

Related Posts


Generic filters
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Search in excerpt
Filter by Categories
In the press
Market Insights

Sandeep Rao


Sandeep joined Leverage Shares in September 2020. He leads research on existing and new product lines, asset classes, and strategies, with special emphasis on analysis of recent events and developments.

Sandeep has longstanding experience with financial markets. Starting with a Chicago-based hedge fund as a financial engineer, his career has spanned a variety of domains and organizations over a course of 8 years – from Barclays Capital’s Prime Services Division to (most recently) Nasdaq’s Index Research Team.

Sandeep holds an M.S. in Finance as well as an MBA from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago.

Violeta Todorova

Senior Research

Violeta joined Leverage Shares in September 2022. She is responsible for conducting technical analysis, macro and equity research, providing valuable insights to help shape investment strategies for clients.

Prior to joining LS, Violeta worked at several high-profile investment firms in Australia, such as Tollhurst and Morgans Financial where she spent the past 12 years of her career.

Violeta is a certified market technician from the Australian Technical Analysts Association and holds a Post Graduate Diploma of Applied Finance and Investment from Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, where she was a lecturer for a number of years.

Julian Manoilov

Senior Analyst

Julian joined Leverage Shares in 2018 as part of the company’s premier expansion in Eastern Europe. He is responsible for web content and raising brand awareness.

Julian has been academically involved with economics, psychology, sociology, European politics & linguistics. He has experience in business development and marketing through business ventures of his own.

For Julian, Leverage Shares is an innovator in the field of finance & fintech, and he always looks forward with excitement to share the next big news with investors in the UK & Europe.

Oktay Kavrak


Oktay joined Leverage Shares in late 2019. He is responsible for driving business growth by maintaining key relationships and developing sales activity across English-speaking markets.

He joined LS from UniCredit, where he was a corporate relationship manager for multinationals. His previous experience is in corporate finance and fund administration at firms like IBM Bulgaria and DeGiro / FundShare.

Oktay holds a BA in Finance & Accounting and a post-graduate certificate in Entrepreneurship from Babson College. He is also a CFA charterholder.

Welcome to Leverage Shares

Terms and Conditions


If you are not classified as an institutional investor, you will be categorised as a private/retail investor. At this time, we cannot send communications directly to private/retail investors. You are welcome to view the contents of this website.

If you are an ‘Institutional investor’, you affirm either that you are a Per Se Professional Client, or that you wish to be treated as an Eligible Counterparty Client, both as defined under the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, or an equivalent in a jurisdiction outside the European Economic Area.

Risk Warnings

The value of an investment in ETPs may go down as well as up and past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. Trading in ETPs may not be suitable for all types of investor as they carry a high degree of risk. You may lose all of your initial investment. Only speculate with money you can afford to lose. Changes in exchange rates may also cause your investment to go up or down in value. Tax laws may be subject to change. Please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved. If in any doubt, please seek independent financial advice. Investors should refer to the section entitled “Risk Factors” in the relevant prospectus for further details of these and other risks associated with an investment in the securities offered by the Issuer.

This website is provided for your general information only and does not constitute investment advice or an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any investment.

Nothing on this website is advice on the merits of any product or investment, nothing constitutes investment, legal, tax or any other advice nor is it to be relied on in making an investment decision. Prospective investors should obtain independent investment advice and inform themselves as to applicable legal requirements, exchange control regulations and taxes in their jurisdiction.

This website complies with the regulatory requirements of the United Kingdom. There may be laws in your country of nationality or residence or in the country from which you access this website which restrict the extent to which the website may be made available to you.

United States Visitors

The information provided on this site is not directed to any United States person or any person in the United States, any state thereof, or any of its territories or possessions.

Persons accessing this website in the European Economic Area

Access to this site is restricted to Non-U.S. Persons outside the United States within the meaning of Regulation S under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Each person accessing this site, by so doing, acknowledges that: (1) it is not a U.S. person (within the meaning of Regulation S under the Securities Act) and is located outside the U.S. (within the meaning of Regulation S under the Securities Act); and (2) any securities described herein (A) have not been and will not be registered under the Securities Act or with any securities regulatory authority of any state or other jurisdiction and (B) may not be offered, sold, pledged or otherwise transferred except to persons outside the U.S. in accordance with Regulation S under the Securities Act pursuant to the terms of such securities. None of the funds on this website are registered under the United States Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”).

Exclusion of Liability

Certain documents made available on the website have been prepared and issued by persons other than Leverage Shares Management Company. This includes any Prospectus document. Leverage Shares Management Company is not responsible in any way for the content of any such document. Except in those cases, the information on the website has been given in good faith and every effort has been made to ensure its accuracy. Nevertheless, Leverage Shares Management Company shall not be responsible for loss occasioned as a result of reliance placed on any part of the website and it makes no guarantee as to the accuracy of any information or content on the website. The description of any ETP Security referred to in this website is a general one. The terms and conditions applicable to investors will be set out in the Prospectus, available on the website and should be read prior to making any investment.

Leverage Investment

Leverage Shares exchange-traded products (ETPs) provide leveraged exposure and are only suitable for experienced investors with knowledge of the risks and potential benefits of leveraged investment strategies.


Leverage Shares Management Company may collect data about your computer, including, where available, your IP address, operating system and browser type, for system administration and other similar purposes (click here for more information). These are statistical data about users’ browsing actions and patterns, and they do not identify any individual user of the website. This is achieved by the use of cookies. A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers that is put on your computer if you agree to accept it. By clicking ‘I agree’ below, you are consenting to the use of cookies as described here. These cookies allow you to be distinguished from other users of the website, which helps Leverage Shares Company provide you with a better experience when you browse the website and also allows the website to be improved from time to time. Please note that you can adjust your browser settings to delete or block cookies, but you may not be able to access parts of our website without them.

This website is maintained by Leverage Shares Management Company, which is a limited liability company and is incorporated in Ireland with registered offices at 2 Grand Canal Square, Grand Canal Harbour, Dublin 2. 

By clicking you agree to the Terms and Conditions displayed.