Central banks bought a record amount of gold last quarter as they diversified foreign currency reserves. Almost 400 tons were bought by central banks in the third quarter of 2022, more than four times the amount the prior year, according to the World Gold Council. That takes the total so far this year to the highest since 1967, when the U.S. dollar was still backed by gold. However, the heavy buying did not help much the price and the medium-term trend for gold is still bearish.
After peaking at $2,070 in March 2022 the precious metal lost its positive momentum and reversed its prior up trend. From its March high to its recent low the price lost 22% and we cannot rule out the possibility of gold declining slightly further in the coming month(s).
After the release of the latest U.S. Nonfarm Payroll report last Friday, gold staged an impressive $50 bounce. The current rally came amid speculation that China will ease its restrictive zero-Covid policies, short squeezing and weakening of the U.S. dollar index. On Tuesday the price posted another $50 move higher as Americans cast their final ballots in the U.S. midterm elections. The best election outcome for gold is a Republican win and a slower inflation pace in the U.S.
However, inflation data will be the major driver for gold this week. It is quite likely that gold would closely track the U.S. dollar index, which means Thursday’s CPI report will be crucial. Market expectations are for October CPI to come at 8.0% YoY, compared to 8.2% in September. The reason investors are so fixated with this week’s inflation data instead of the midterm election is that it seems highly likely the Republicans will win at least one of the chambers this week. Even if the Republicans win both the House and Senate, the positive reaction might be short-lived. Historically, midterms have been quite positive for equities, but only mildly supportive for gold.
The current upswing broke above its medium-term down trend line (marked with orange in the chart below) which is a significant development and shows that downside momentum is slowing down. The recent pull back of the U.S. dollar index has been a bullish factor for the yellow metal and has helped the current run. Further unwinding of long U.S. dollar positions should be beneficial for gold. Despite the latest strong run, both the price and the daily RSI indicator remain below their respective static resistance levels. To brighten the outlook for the precious metal, these levels of resistance need to be cleared. At this juncture in time the gold is trading sideways, fluctuating between $1,614 and $1,735 showing some indecision among market participants, reflecting the lingering uncertainty in global markets. A subsequent breakout from the current range is likely to determine the near-term direction of the metal.
Gold might struggle to move significantly higher from here just yet, as the Fed is not done with its rate hikes. The ongoing ETF outflows are likely to cap gold’s rally, therefore we are not convinced that the overall downtrend is about to change direction on a permanent basis yet.
Once a solid bottom is established, gold could be on its way higher as the U.S. dollar retreats. Gold’s bearish sentiment will most probably end when the Federal Reserve eases its most aggressive tightening cycle in 40 years.
Overall, it has been a volatile year with much uncertainty, and as we approach the end of 2022 investors are looking ahead and what to expect for the yellow metal in 2023. As a picture says a thousand words, in the chart below we overlay some of gold’s major driving factors such as the U.S. dollar, inflation and interest rates.
The U.S. dollar experienced a monstrous run in 2022 significantly impacting the price of gold. As gold is priced in U.S. dollars, the strength of the dollar resulted in a lower price. Interest rates in the U.S. have risen substantially this year and investors are expecting that the pace of rate hikes could slow soon, which could bring the dollar down, and boost the gold price. In our view we are approaching this point, but we are not quite there yet.
Nimble traders looking to gain exposure to gold may use our 3x Long Gold ETP to take advantage of short-term rebounds, and our -3x Short Gold ETP to capture short-term declines.
Violeta è entrata a far parte di Leverage Shares nel settembre 2022. È responsabile dello svolgimento di analisi tecniche e ricerche macroeconomiche ed azionarie, fornendo pregiate informazioni per aiutare a definire le strategie di investimento per i clienti.
Prima di cominciare con LS, Violeta ha lavorato presso diverse società di investimento di alto profilo in Australia, come Tollhurst e Morgans Financial, dove ha trascorso gli ultimi 12 anni della sua carriera.
Violeta è un tecnico di mercato certificato dall’Australian Technical Analysts Association e ha conseguito un diploma post-laurea in finanza applicata e investimenti presso Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, dove è stata docente per diversi anni.
Julian è entrato a far parte di Leverage Shares nel 2018 come parte della prima espansione della società in Europa orientale. È responsabile della progettazione di strategie di marketing e della promozione della notorietà del marchio.
Oktay è entrato a far parte di Leverage Shares alla fine del 2019. È responsabile della crescita aziendale, mantenendo relazioni chiave e sviluppando attività di vendita nei mercati di lingua inglese.
È entrato in LS da UniCredit, dove è stato responsabile delle relazioni aziendali per le multinazionali. La sua precedente esperienza è in finanza aziendale e amministrazione di fondi in società come IBM Bulgaria e DeGiro / FundShare.
Oktay ha conseguito una laurea in Finanza e contabilità ed un certificato post-laurea in Imprenditoria presso il Babson College. Ha ottenuto anche la certificazione CFA.