Amazon is an odd and messy « mega-cap » stock. Its highly-valued e-commerce business initially fueled the growth of a cloud computing infrastructure business that later went on to subsidize the entire company which went to start a multimedia content business ostensibly designed to drive e-commerce adoption. Late last year, after a wave of prominent activist investor called for such conglomerates with disparate to simplify value propositions and enhance asset valuations, two American giants – Johnson & Johnson and General Electric – announced plans to break up.
On account of the company’s AWS being highly-vaunted, Amazon largely resisted calls to break up in a year when 51 other companies committed to. However, this year, debate on this continues on a more low-key basis in institutional investor and hedge fund circles. On the more public side were demands from a prominent U.S.-based small business coalition at the dawn of Q2 – and potential special interest group with legislative influence. Shortly after this came a hotly-contested piece of legislation making its way through the U.S. legislature that aims to limit the influence wielded by the likes of Amazon on national commerce. Meanwhile, the company’s India e-commerce business remains mired in controversy that could potentially drain the goodwill it received when entering the market – just as its China business did before shutting down. Earlier this year, the company announced that it’s even shutting its Kindle Store in China.
Whether the legislation passes or not is presently a matter of conjecture; what is relevant that the « chimera », while well-funded, hasn’t been very nimble lately.
Segment Incomes and Trends
Given that it is a company with high scalability costs – be it in e-commerce or cloud infrastructure, lets consider segment operating incomes from the company’s financial statements for a « heat map » schema used in recent articles to highlight each segment’s operating income share each quarter:
One modification was done to the « heat map » schema here: the company’s share buyback program – which kicked it into effect this year, as per the financial statements – has been included to highlight the effects on the company’s earned income. If the share buyback program were to be considered relative to total operating income earned, the company has been burning through them the past two quarters. In fact, as the « heat map » shows it has burnt more in share buybacks than it has earned as income in Q2.
The negative rates in the Year Till Date (YTD) are quite interesting in that they show how much AWS has been carrying the load in recent times. As the « heat map » indicates, the company’s e-commerce + content segment (which is the only way one can analyze the befuddling mix of Prime Studios and e-commerce) had largely held their own on a « North America + International » basis quite decently until Q2 of last year. The segments began their sag from the Q3 results of last year onwards.
Next, the « heat map » schema is applied on quarter-on-quarter (QoQ) growth in operating income to determine segment trends:
Once again, the « heat map » breaks down after Q2 2021, requiring manual intervention. The cells marked in yellow with the red text are excluded from the « heat map » formulation. The trend analysis here yields some interesting facets nonetheless:
The negative trends since Q4 2021 is the reason why manual intervention was required: for the International segment, Q4 2021 was a larger loss than the previous quarter but the « heat map » would paint it in a positive colour. Similarly, Q1 2022 was a larger loss for the « North America » segment than the previous quarter and the « heat map » would have shown this as a positive.
While Q2 of this year has the « North America » segment showing a lower loss and the « International » segment a higher loss than in the previous quarter, the fact remains that losses have continued.
Macroeconomic Factors and Price Ratio Trends
When it comes to business of e-commerce, there are at least some intuitive commonalities with the likes of Meta Platforms (which was covered last week) and Alphabet: if the general public lowers consumption, this has an impact on the bottom lines of a company operating in this space, no matter how well-managed it is.
For instance, in the U.S. Census Bureau’s Monthly Retail Trade Report, the « Monthly » indicator shows a slight stabilization of sorts – with even a slight uptick – in the first two months of Q3.
In the Advance Report (ex-Auto & Gas) – which has tended to show the same trends as in the Monthly Report, September is seen to be indicating lower sales.
The overall macroeconomic outlook has been covered in a number of articles over the past few months. It’s not a pretty picture: individual debt remains high and wage earnings growth isn’t really keeping up with inflation. Consumer Price Index levels show a returning trend in increasing month-on-month deltas in inflation since July:
With an ongoing squeeze in incomes and spends, the proposition of weak retail sales till September (both actual and advance) can be merged with the CPI trajectory to infer that while dollar sales might be stable and even upward-trending, sale volumes are decreasing.
An examination of the trends in the Price to Earnings (PE) Ratio relative to the broad-market S&P 500 with correlation as a « goodness of fit » measure would be in order, similar to that done for Apple as well as Meta and Alphabet.
As it turns out, unlike with the three aforementioned FAANG stocks, trends are utterly dissimilar. The stock has traditionally been rather highly valued and shows little correlation with trends in the other constituents of the S&P 500. In the Year to Date (YTD), the stock’s valuation shows an outsized sensitivity to the crests and troughs of the broad index. One lesson that should be eminent in the year so far is: with overvaluation comes volatility.
This overvaluation is evident even in consensus estimates for the stock in the YTD so far: the company has missed them by a massive margin.
A sort of unwritten rule of thumb among institutional analysts is that earnings growth are generally estimated somewhat conservatively. As a result, positive earnings surprises tend to be more common than not. As a result of the surprise, there is even a momentary bump in the stock’s price. In the company’s case, the analysts’ valuation models get cloudy because of its disparate businesses and individual investors often miss the point that messy value propositions isn’t the same as robustness.
Individual investors have been exiting the market in droves throughout the year, with the last week of September alone accounting for nearly as much in exits as the rest of that month.
The forward earnings of the broad market (i.e. the S&P 500) is under significant bearish pressure and has already erased valuation gains nearly all the way back to start of 2019.
What does help the company’s stock, however, is a facet gleaned from a number of reports produced by investment houses in the last couple of weeks that indicated that high-net worth investors and institutional investors have switched to purchasing broader ETFs over stocks. While inflows have increasingly been towards defensives and energy, consumer discretionary have also witnessed an uptick in buy-ins.
Given that the company’s stock is included as a constituent of many broad market ETFs as well as consumer discretionary ETFs, it is quite likely that the stock price will witness some rises as further units of ETFs are created and traded. Historically, investment managers managing passive investment vehicles have had a significant presence in the stock’s ownership patterns.
Macroeconomic Factors and Price Ratio Trends
It is quite likely that the company will miss consensus earnings estimates for Q3. At the same time, there’s every possibility that most analysts might have adjusted their models as a result of which the company’s upcoming earnings will be a positive surprise.
Given lowered liquidity, there’s no telling if the stock price bump will be pronounced or even sustained. At the same time, given the increasing switch to ETFs over « single names » and the fact that ETF issuers have to physically purchase the underlying to create new issuances, even a bearish trend could show up in the charts as being bucked.
At this juncture, on the question of whether to « buy » or « sell » this fine mess, your guess is as good as ours.
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Violeta a rejoint Leverage Shares en septembre 2022. Elle est chargée de mener des analyses techniques et des recherches sur les actions et macroéconomiques, fournissant des informations importantes pour aider à façonner les stratégies d’investissement des clients.
Avant de rejoindre LS, Violeta a travaillé dans plusieurs sociétés d’investissement de premier plan en Australie, telles que Tollhurst et Morgans Financial, où elle a passé les 12 dernières années de sa carrière.
Violeta est une technicienne de marché certifiée de l’Australian Technical Analysts Association et est titulaire d’un diplôme d’études supérieures en finance appliquée et investissement de Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australie, où elle a été conférencière pendant plusieurs années.
Julian a étudié l’économie, la psychologie, la sociologie, la politique européenne et la linguistique. Il possède de l’expérience en matière de développement commercial et de marketing grâce à des entreprises qu’il a lui-même créées.
Pour Julian, Leverage Shares est une entreprise innovante dans le domaine de la finance et de la fintech, et il se réjouit toujours de partager les prochaines grandes avancées avec les investisseurs du Royaume-Uni et d’Europe.
Oktay a rejoint Leverage Shares fin 2019. Il est responsable de la croissance de l’activité à travers des relations clés et le développement de l’activité commerciale sur les marchés anglophones.
Il a rejoint LS après UniCredit, où il était responsable des relations avec les entreprises pour les multinationales. Il a également travaillé au sein de sociétés telles qu’IBM Bulgarie et DeGiro / FundShare dans le domaine de la finance d’entreprise et de l’administration de fonds.
Oktay est titulaire d’une licence en finance et comptabilité et d’un certificat d’études supérieures en entrepreneuriat du Babson College. Il est également détenteur de la certification CFA.
Sandeep a une longue expérience des marchés financiers. Il a débuté sa carrière en tant qu’ingénieur financier au sein d’un hedge fund basé à Chicago. Pendant huit ans, il a travaillé dans différents domaines et organisations, de la division Prime Services de Barclays Capital à l’équipe de recherche sur les indices du Nasdaq (plus récemment).
Sandeep est titulaire d’un master spécialisé en finance et d’un master en administration des affaires de I’Institut de technologie de Chicago.