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As exemplified in an earlier article, Bank of America’s monthly Fund Manager Survey (FMS) is an interesting sentiment monitor of what the world’s most enduring investor class thinks of the macroeconomic/market scenario in play. In this month’s survey, the results of which were released on the 16th of August, 250 participants representing $752 billon in Assets Under Management responded the surveyors’ questions.
The most interesting outlook being presented shows that the survey participants don’t expect sky-high Consumer Price Index (CPI) trajectories on a global basis while not expecting short-term rates to drop any time soon.
It’s an interesting juxtaposition of outlooks which could be interpreted thus: while inflation is not expected to continue increasing, it’s also being considered enough to expect bond rates to continue rising. When bond rates rise, equity flows decrease – leading to lower market valuations and a continuation of the present-day bear market.
Given that recession is the second half of the inflation/recession cycle, the number of participants deeming an recession as being likely has increased since the past month’s survey.
Another aspect exhibited in the FMS is the growing investor sentiment about companies’ balance sheets as expectation of a recession grows.
Top investors want companies to prioritize the strengthening of balance sheets over increasing capital spending and share buybacks. The share buyback phenomenon, which has increased in several top companies over the course of this year, has been a contributory factor in the momentum seen in leading stocks/sectors. Whether company management heeds this, of course, remains to be seen. If a course correction were to happen, a further deepening of the bear market can be expected.
As highlighted in a past article, infrastructure spending is a key component of the Chinese economy, despite the growing number of ghost cities and infrastructure facilities. Due to events over the past couple of months, a crash in China’s real estate sector has emerged as the most likely factor for a “credit event”, i.e. a debt crisis which could accelerate a market crash.
Meanwhile, cash levels – equities held by institutional investors for quick conversion to cash via sales as opposed to mid- to long-term holdings – have slightly lessened (by 0.4%). At 5.7%, it still remains well above the long-term average of 4.8%.
Another interesting aspect has been the flight of capital towards the US dollar. Despite this being touted in many media outlets as a proof of resilience of the US economy, there has been a slight increase in top investors’ assertion that the US Dollar is a “crowded trade”. A “crowded trade” implies overvaluation and heightened vulnerability to shocks.
Given that this is a survey, the framing of questions as well as the “Big Picture” is important. For instance, top investors collectively assert that their positions in “defensive stocks” are no longer “overweight”, i.e. a cause for outsized negative impact from a risk management perspective.
At the same time, FMS participants also indicate that “growth” stocks will outperform “value” stocks over the next year for the first time since August 2020.
This might be considered “mixed signalling” until the net positioning history is revealed. As per this metric, top investors declare that they are short tech and discretionary stocks – the standard bearers for “growth” stocks.
“Cash” remains king even in this past month, indicating that top investors are still ready to take flight.
The “mixed signalling” is given further context when considering the type of stock that will find favour: it is increasingly becoming important for companies to announce high quality earnings. All other considerations, such as high dividend yield, low volatility and market capitalization are becoming increasingly less relevant.
The increase in conviction in the “quality” of earnings as well as the conviction in high momentum overcoming low momentum indicates an effective “passing of the baton” for interest in well-managed companies with a robust balance sheet driving trajectories. This would mean that most of the “high-conviction” stocks favoured by retail investors will see significant churn and drawdowns. Once again, this indicates the superiority of a tactical investing mindset over a “passive” long-term holding strategy.
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Sandeep joined Leverage Shares in September 2020. He leads research on existing and new product lines, asset classes, and strategies, with special emphasis on analysis of recent events and developments.
Sandeep has longstanding experience with financial markets. Starting with a Chicago-based hedge fund as a financial engineer, his career has spanned a variety of domains and organizations over a course of 8 years – from Barclays Capital’s Prime Services Division to (most recently) Nasdaq’s Index Research Team.
Sandeep holds an M.S. in Finance as well as an MBA from Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago.
Violeta joined Leverage Shares in September 2022. She is responsible for conducting technical analysis, macro and equity research, providing valuable insights to help shape investment strategies for clients.
Prior to joining LS, Violeta worked at several high-profile investment firms in Australia, such as Tollhurst and Morgans Financial where she spent the past 12 years of her career.
Violeta is a certified market technician from the Australian Technical Analysts Association and holds a Post Graduate Diploma of Applied Finance and Investment from Kaplan Professional (FINSIA), Australia, where she was a lecturer for a number of years.
Julian joined Leverage Shares in 2018 as part of the company’s premier expansion in Eastern Europe. He is responsible for web content and raising brand awareness.
Julian has been academically involved with economics, psychology, sociology, European politics & linguistics. He has experience in business development and marketing through business ventures of his own.
For Julian, Leverage Shares is an innovator in the field of finance & fintech, and he always looks forward with excitement to share the next big news with investors in the UK & Europe.
Oktay joined Leverage Shares in late 2019. He is responsible for driving business growth by maintaining key relationships and developing sales activity across English-speaking markets.
He joined LS from UniCredit, where he was a corporate relationship manager for multinationals. His previous experience is in corporate finance and fund administration at firms like IBM Bulgaria and DeGiro / FundShare.
Oktay holds a BA in Finance & Accounting and a post-graduate certificate in Entrepreneurship from Babson College. He is also a CFA charterholder.
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